Have you ever wondered what keeps you safe from external environment? Hope you might guess the answer, yes that’s our skin. Technically it is the largest organ of our human body which is about 20 square feet long and houses one of the most complex packings of blood vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands etc. The basic skin can be divided into 3
This is what you pinch in and call as skin, but actually, it is the outermost layer standing between your body and external surrounding.
It is planted right below the epidermis carrying all connective tissues, sweat glands, hair follicles etc.
It is the last layer which separates our internal structure from skin, which is thickly populated by blood vessels and other connective tissues.
What does skin do in our body?
While talking about skin it must be noted that they are the primary line of defense, shielding the body from microbes, dust, everything but other than that do you have any idea on what skin can do?
Body’s natural thermostat:
They play a major role in controlling the body temperature by a mechanism called as sweating in the expense of water present in our body.
Barrier for pathogens:
The pathogens like fungi, bacteria, protozoans must first crack our primary defense barrier the skin in order to even think about infecting.
Human skin has a sebaceous gland lubricates the skin with a special fat which keeps it waterproof thus not letting water in or out of our body unnecessarily.
Protects from UV Radiation:
The skin has a natural defense line in which when we are exposed to natural UV light from sun, skin has melanin compounds that impart a darker shade thus tanning skin under the sun and protecting it from damage.
Some amazing facts about skin:
· 15% of your total body weight is being offered by your skin.
· Skin on different body parts have different strength and stretchiness, that why toe skin is harder and belly skin is stretchier.
· The skin under your feet has 1.4 mm thickness making it the hardest skin
· The thinnest skin is the one you have on your eyelids which are just .02mm thick.
· When to get an injury, after healing back you might see a scar, that region then lacks hair follicle or sweat glands.
· After 28 days you are not the same person because your skin renews once in then. In the time you take a breath, 500 dead cells shed from your body. Sweat from the human body is odorless, but the bacteria’s on the skin makes it. Your skin homes for around 1000 microbial species and has nearly 1x109 individual bacteria’s.
Types of Skin:
Basically, Skin can be divided as
1) Normal Skin: The one which not too oily or too dry but keeps a normal texture, sensitivity and a radiant skin complexion.
2) Dry Skin: These skins have least amount of lipid coating thus making it too dry such that it tends to have dull and jagged complexion.
3) Oily Skin: They have more oil content on the skin making it dull and shiny with a thick complexion resulting in pimples or other protrusions.
4) Combination Skin: This type of skin prefers to be oily is some regions like forehead nose and chin whereas look dry on limbs and adjacent regions.
5) Sensitive Skin: These type of skin react quickly, becomes allergic to dust and pollen, get redness, itching, burning etc.
When you know your skin, you have a better chance to giving the best care for it. So always find some time to give good care for the wall of the shield!