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Deep Brain Stimulation Treatment for Parkinson's Disease
Jun 13, 2016
Deep Brain Stimulation Treatment for Parkinson's Disease

One of the best surgical treatment gaining popularity among the masses suffering from disabling neurological symptoms, the brain stimulation treatment.

It is commonly employed to disable the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, including, tremor, stiffness, slow movement, rigidity and walking difficulties. The course of treatment concentrates on treating tremor which is the most usual suspect of neurological disorder.

Brain stimulation treatment performs its job effectively without affecting and damaging the healthy tissues of the brain.

What are the components utilized in the brain stimulation treatment?

The brain stimulation treatment basically consists of three parts that are as under:

1. Lead:

A lead which is also denoted as an electrode is a very important component of the brain stimulation technique. It is a thin and insulated wire which is stimulated with the assistance of tiny openings in the brain and finally implanted within the affected area of the brain.

2. Extension:

The extension is the intercessor between the lead and the neurostimulator. It is an insulated wire that is laid under the shroud of the head, neck, and shoulder that gets connected to the neurostimulator. 

3. Neurostimulator:

The neurostimulator is the principal component of the process of brain stimulation treatment which is implanted under the hide near the collarbone. It sends electrical signals to the affected region of the brain and stops the symptoms of Parkinson's disease by contradicting the damaged nerve cell from sending negative signals.

How is the treatment carried out?

These days the brain stimulation treatment is basically used to treat those patients whose symptoms are uncontrollable with the aid of medicines. In the system of brain stimulation, a battery-operated device known as neurostimulator is implanted inside with surgical method.

The machine is more or less of the size of a stopwatch and it looks similar to that of a heart pacemaker. It assists in delivering electrical stimulation to the brain which blocks all the abnormal nerve signals which are the heart of tremors and also facilitates in control of motility.

The foremost task that is performed by the neurosurgeon is that he first carry magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test to locate the center from where the symptoms of Parkinson's disease is originating.

Another method opted by some surgeons is microelectrode recording in which a small wire assists to monitor the affected region and then identify the particular part that needs to stimulate. 

The targeted areas are, generally the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus and a share of the Globus pallidus. When the stimulator is set accurately, then the electrical impulses are sent from the neurostimulator into the brain with the assistance of the wire. This interferes with the affected part to send Parkinson's disease symptoms and contradicts it from executing its task.

Even after carrying out the brain stimulation treatment some patients require medications for some time, but the patients whose symptoms have been reduced after the treatment can decrease the amount of medicines which was consumed before the treatment was conducted.

The benefits offered by the brain stimulation treatment vary from patient to patient. Some set out completely cured and others have little improvement or sometimes zero improvements.

The consequences are dependent on the capacity of the patient as everyone has different internal and external structure. There is 1%-3% negative corner of brain stimulation treatment also which includes, the chance of infection, stroke, cranial bleeding or other complications.

It should be precisely discussed with the neurosurgeon and then only a final decision is taken into thoughtfulness.  

Brain stimulation treatment is used these days to cure numerous neurological conditions, including, severe tremor, Parkinson's disease, Dystonia, Epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, chronic pain and Obsessive compulsive disorder.

The brain stimulation treatment is also acknowledged as an experimental treatment for depression, stroke recovery, addiction, and dementia. If you are one of the victims, then you may consult your neurologist for this discourse. It's high time to ignore these symptoms contradict them so that anything serious will not encounter in future.


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