Diabetes is one of the diseases that is a chill to the hearts of the masses because of its disruption in the daily life of a mortal. If a person is trapped behind the bars of diabetes, then he has to sacrifice many of its habits immediately so that the disease could not take affect the lifespan.
This disease is also the start of many other diseases that can also be life endangering. In diabetes, the blood sugar of a person increase than its normal required quantity that causes difficulties in the everyday functioning of the different organs and may seriously damage them.
Diabetes is the increase of sugar level but it is wrong to allege that this sugar level increases rapidly. This concept is entirely wrong because it is not a one-day thing, but it used to capture a person at a snail's pace.
Diabetes is divided into two classes, one of which is referred as diabetes and another is pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes is the initial stage of diabetes, wherein the sugar level can be controlled and once the diabetes capture you deeply, it is next to impossible to get entirely rid of diabetes.
The pre-diabetes can be squared up by carrying out some tests, some of the tests are explained in the next lines:
• A1C test:
The A1C test is a test that measures the blood glucose of a person for the last 2 to 3 months that helps in ascertaining the present condition but it also informs about the past one.
One of the greatest advantages of this test is that one does not have to fast or drink anything for successful testing, which is an important condition of many other tests. If the outcome of the test is 5.7%, then the point is normal, 5.7% to 6.4% indicates pre-diabetes and 6.5% or higher denotes diabetes.
• Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG):
The fasting plasma glucose test is helpful in testing the fasting blood glucose level. In this test, a person on whom the test is going to be carried on has to keep the stomach empty for at least 8 hours before the trial.
This trial is generally performed during the morning session to fulfil the requirement. If the outcome of the test is 100 mg/dl and less than the level is normal, 100 mg/dl to 125mg/dl denotes pre-diabetes and 126 mg/dl or higher means diabetes.
• Oral Glucose Tolerance Test or OGTT:
The OGTT takes two hour time to check the blood glucose level before and 2 hours after having a sweet drink prepared for the determination. It affords an idea to the doctor about the reaction of the sugar level before and after having a sweet drink.
The report is supposed to be normal if the report shows less than 140 mg/dl, pre-diabetes is denoted with 140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl and 200 mg/dl shows diabetes.
• Casual Plasma Glucose Test:
This test is given to those who have severe symptoms of diabetes because this test is performed at any time of the day so that the detail of each and every moment can be noted. The patients which have blood glucose greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl are subject to this test.
A person is at the risk of pre-diabetes if any the following conditions are satisfied:
• The person is physically passive,
• Diabetes is a hereditary disease of the kinfolk,
• Women who experienced a baby weighing over 9 lbs,
• Person has blood pressure over 140/90 mmHg,
• Cholesterol level is below 35 mg/DL,
• History of cardiovascular disease.
The determination of pre-diabetes is significant because 58% of the risk can be reduced by exercising about half an hour every day and by losing about 5%-10% of the body weight. If the pre-diabetes is known to the doctor at the correct time, then the risk can be slimmed down by taking prescribed medications.