Salt; chemically known as ‘Sodium Chloride’ is one of the inevitable substances that we require daily in our diet. Food without a proper pinch of salt would taste awfully bad! It’s known that only 40% of the salt contains sodium so that we could consume 2.5 times more salt than sodium.
Our body requires about six grams of sodium intake per day. The body cannot produce salt by itself; hence, salt is supplied to the body through the diet. Lack of definite amount of salt in our diet could probably affect the functioning of the muscle and even nervous tissues.
The role of salt in the functioning of our body is unknown to many of us.
· Salt plays a key role in absorbing food particles through the intestine.
· The agonizing pain in your muscles must be due to lack of proper salt in the diet. The elevation of water content in our body may result in lowering the salt level and can lead to muscle cramps.
· Unrefined salt actually acts as a natural antihistamine.
· It’s known to us that hydrochloric acid is the intestinal acid and salt is sodium chloride. Salt helps in maintaining the pH balance in the stomach.
· Thyroid functioning is enhanced by salt as they give assistance in reducing the circulation of stress hormones.
· The concentration and charge differences across the cellular membranes are maintained properly by sodium and chloride where sodium serves as an extracellular cation in the body.
· Owing to the fact that sodium is the primary determinant of extracellular fluid volume and even blood volume, the body sodium content affects the physiological mechanisms that control blood pressure and blood volume.
· Salt helps in improving insulin sensitivity, which thereby aids in blood sugar control.
· The sudden adrenaline hike can also be fixed by the intake of some salt along with sugar.
· Salt actually helps in maintaining the bone structures rigid. Shortage of salt and water may even lead to a condition known as ‘Osteoporosis’.
· It’s quite fascinating that salt is a ‘natural hypnotic’, which helps in sleep regulation.
· Salt plays a vital role in the satisfactory working of the nerve cells.
However, there can be treacherous effects to the body if the salt intake is high. It’s always recommended to minimize the salt intake to approximately 2300 grams per day.
High intake of salt can lead to various conditions like fluid retention, an increase in blood pressure, hypernatremia and even cardiovascular diseases. Unrefined salt, which is free of additives and rich in minerals are always a better option than regular processed salt. Relying on high-sodium processed foods for salt is never a healthier choice.
Salt plays multiple roles in dietary as well as in enhancing the texture and taste of food. Salt flavor is one of the most desired flavors by humans. Since too much of anything is not so good, it’s always better to be on the moderate side. Most importantly, we must pay attention to our body and its need and act accordingly!