As you all know, tattooing is a moderately painful process involving needles and dye hence there lays a chance of infection when considering the overall process.
Normal skin infection doesn’t stand a chance because as we all know the health authorities have issued certain norms and guidelines to make the tattooing process healthy, but there are certain pathogens who doesn’t like to run away by simple disinfectant procedures that we follow on a normal scale.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Hepatitis Virus (HBV and HCV) are those pathogens which fall into this category. It is believed that these viruses pose certain skills to adapt and survive in any conditions making them more morbific.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by the HIV, for which so far no cure has been found. Thus, the question whether tattooing process is safe or not needs to be raised in order to eradicate a human channel for them to spread.
In the process, a needle is used to administer the dye below the skin, where multiple needle piercing is done to create a pattern. In reputed tattoo salons and clinics the practice of replacing needle per customer has been followed, but when it comes to country-wide concern it’s not sure that all tattoo artists follow this trend. So when you are about to get a tattoo, making sure that needles are replaced.
Changing needle is just like replacing cap of a bottle, the content needs to be sterile in order call the whole process safe. You might have seen the art of tattooing, where the needle is loaded into a tattoo gun which regulates the flow of dye.
There is a chance that blood can mix with a dye which might get deposited inside the tattoo gun, now there is no use changing the needle because the infectious agent is not the needle but the gun.
An estimate shows that there is a 1-10% risk of spreading a disease through getting a tattoo. HCV and HBV virus are agiler when once they are infectious, so one must be very careful to make sure that the process is safe. HIV is a different story, they are RNA viruses which have more survivability when compared to class. They form a protein coat around them when under non-favorable condition thus has prolonged ability to stay hibernated inside needles, tattoo gun or in dye.
When you are getting tattooed some of these measures can be followed to make sure that your tattooing experience doesn’t end up like a nightmare.
1. Educate yourself by asking the tattoo artist about the safety of the whole process; make sure that there is no scope for used needles, dyes, gloves, napkins or aprons.
2. Check whether the whole apparatus used for tattooing is properly sterilized in an autoclave process, because autoclaving effective and proved methodology to disinfect equipment.
3. See that the artist uses a hand sanitizer before putting his gloves in. The gloves they use must be latex no reactive one which must be safe for skin.
4. Once the procedure is over, see that all the disposables are properly disposed of gloves, needles, plastic products, apron, napkins etc. The artist is supposed to clean the blood or fluids over your skin with a fresh sterile wipe.
5. Make sure that water, ink or dye used in the process, once out are not returned to the same container.
6. All kinds of skin contact must be assisted with a gloved hand or fresh cotton swabs /napkins while tattooing.
7. See that before you are being on the tattoo space it is neatly cleaned by an assistant. Check whether there is the presence of blood spot anywhere on the floor, walls, equipment etc.
So that’s it people you have read what you are supposed to do and what not. Develop your knowledge about sterility and cleanliness and use your inner conscience to keep you healthy.