Importance of Proper Salt Intake During Pregnancy
-Salt which is also called as table salt contains 2,000 milligrams of sodium in
a tbsp of slat. Taking the slat in too heavy amount or too little amount during
the pregnancy can adversely affect your sodium levels.
Along with the other nutrients, pregnant women also need sodium in more quantity than the non pregnant women. But too much amount of this table salt is very harmful so it is necessary that the salt should satisfy your body needs and not more than that.
There are both benefits and problems of using salt for pregnant women. So, let's have a look at them and even the amount of slat that can be taken by the pregnant women to stay at safe side.
Importance of Proper Salt Intake during Pregnancy
Salt is considered as an essential ingredient for the health of the women who are pregnant and throughout the pregnancy it is needed. It also helps in maintaining the fluid levels of the pregnant women body which is necessary for the overall development of t he baby properly. But, too much salt intake is harmful as said above.
Salt and Its Effects on Swelling and Fluid Retention in Pregnant Women:Edema which is also called as swelling in the legs, ankles as well as the hands and this is due to the fact that your body increases the production of fluids during the last few days of the pregnancy as it is necessary. It is also necessary for replacing the lost slats with sweat during pregnancy.
But, if the salt intake is more can increase your swelling, it also affects your body blood pressure, kidneys and even the extra volume increases the blood volume as a result the blood pressure gets increases.
So, it is necessary that you need to take the correct amount of salts that your body requires and don't completely restrict it. This keeps your blood pressure in control, reduces the heart and stroke problems and even other serious health conditions as well as diseases.
Salt for Kidney Development of Child in Pregnant Women:
A recent study conducted and examined about the salt
in the pregnant women. They have found that babies born to the women who had
very less or too high salts during their pregnancy have poor kidneys
development and this can lead to heart as well as kidney problems of those
children in the future.
Their findings also showed that these children lacked the glomeruli which are main part of the kidneys during their development of first 12 weeks in their mother.
Glomeruli role is to filter the blood as well as create the waste in the form of urine. And the lower levels in this critical development stage will lead to the kidney as well as heart problems further. So, it is suggested not to take too little salt.
Salt Role in Calcium Loss and Pre-Eclampsia:
High intake of the slat or sodium can increase the
calcium amount that your body releases and as per a institute, for every 2.3
grams of the sodium, the kidney can filter nearly 24 to 40 grams of the calcium
in to urine that is excreted.
This reduction in the calcium within your body can leads to the pregnancy induced high blood pressure or hypertension and in turn this can result in preeclampsia which is a serious condition that is characterized by the protein in the urine as well as more swelling which progresses in to the seizers as well as the premature birth of the child.
This is how the salt has both negatives and positives. As said anything within limits is not harmful, so in the same way taking the salt in limited amount is not always harmful. But, what is the required amount of salt to be taken during pregnancy? The answer for this question is as follows.
Safe Amount of Salt during Pregnancy
Actually the salt that is recommended for the
pregnant women is same as for the normal person's salt. It is generally
recommended for the adults to take 1 gram of salt per day but to encourage the
healthy life of the people, the World Health
Organization suggests to take at least 5 grams of salt in a day that means which is about to be 2 tablespoons of salt and is equivalent to approximately 2 grams of sodium.
But, people can't measure the salt intake in every
food item they eat and even unknowingly there are foods that contain salts in
them such as manufactured foods. To say, 75% of the slats intakes will come
from the foods such as bacons, nuts that are salted, crisps and other healthy
foods such as soup, pasta sauces and sandwiches.
So keeping these points in mind check whether the salt intake is within limit or not. If you feel that you are taking more slats better avoid them. Also track your daily nutrition labels for sodium or the salt content in the diet or foods you take.
Iodized Salt Benefits During Pregnancy?
Some slat protected with iodine and this mineral is
very essential for the baby's brain development. It is a concern of the many
people that pregnant women are getting sufficient amount of nutrients they
require, so you can replace the regularly used table salt to the iodized salt.
But, to replace the nutrients you can also use the natural foods and not the iodized salt as only the fortification that helps.
This is all about the importance of proper salt
intake during pregnancy and how salt is useful as well as problematic for
pregnant women when not used properly. So, if you are a pregnant know all these
uses and problems and use the slat in the correct quantity as specified above
and keep your baby and yourself in safe condition.