Health | Health

Side Effects of I-pill
Jun 17, 2016
Side Effects of I-pill

It’s a known fact that any contraceptive pill will have its own additional risks and benefits. These are also called as emergency pills or Emergency contraception (EC), this is defend method against accidental pregnancies, though an obtainable choice is not well known in Asian countries much. 

To chase away the several myths associated with emergency contraception and get an awareness regarding I –pill, it’s also advisable to consult your gynecologist. However Emergency contraception is only method for couples to prevent pregnancy after contraceptive failure.

I-pill is first single pill emergency contraception to be made available in Asian markets today. It is said that I-pill is not an abortion pill it’s an emergency contraceptive pill. 

An abortion pill contains few chemicals such as anti-progestin, which stop development of baby after it is confirmed. I-pill consists of hormone levonorgestrel, when taken without delay offers maximum protection against pregnancy. It is one-pill packet and can prevent pregnancy by up to 90% if consumed within 72 hours of undefended IC (sexual intercourse). 

The Birth Control Pill is tremendously secure and efficient but some women experience adverse effects in initial stage, which fades away eventually over period of time.

Generally Birth control pills also are prescribed to treat mid-cycle pain, which some women experience with ovulation. Birth control pills, while regulating menstrual cycle, reduce menstrual cramps and high flow bleeding. Due to reduced bleeding, they may prevent anemia and weakness that can build up in some women. 

Doctors prescribe higher doses of birth control pills taken up to 72 hours after undefended intercourse to prevent fertilization and pregnancy can cause side effects too.

Emergency contraceptive pills like I-pill, which contain common female hormones prevent pregnancy, they do not cause an abortion.  I-pill prevents pregnancy by avoiding or delaying release ovulation which is release of egg, blocking fertilization process by affecting egg or sperm, preventing implantation by making lining on uterus 

General Side Effects

Smoking and alcoholic women will have additional side effects especially if they above 35 years.

Weight gain
Weight loss
Hormonal imbalance
Tenderness of breast
Mood swings
Blood clots
Dark spots on face
Hair fall

80% of women have few to no side effects to I-pill, it is important to know the grave side effects so that appropriate measures can be taken.

Mild Side Effects: 

Headache, morning sickness, Nausea, weight gain about 2- 3 kgs, dehydration, heavy bleeding, fluid retention, breast tenderness, spotting between periods. These side effects usually subside in first three months

Average serious Side Effects:

Some of them are breast pain, nipple tenderness, white discharge, rash, itching, jaundice, headache, migraines, nervousness and depression.  If you experience any of these side effects, you should consult your doctor.  
The doctor may be able to prescribe something suitable for you. She may also ask you to stop pills completely and resort to different form of contraception.

Serious and emergency side effects: 

Immense Blood clots are serious side effect of I-pill.  Some of these symptoms are leg tenderness or swelling; sudden chest pain or shortness of breath, partial or complete loss of vision or blackouts; numbness in any part of the body.  If you experience any of these symptoms, you should straight away stop pill and consult your doctor.

Though these symptoms will often turn out to be incidental and not due to serious illness, symptoms that should warn woman to seek prompt medical notice include:

Chest pain, abdominal pain
Shortness of breath
Pain with breathing
Severe headache
Sudden onset of dizziness, weakness, or numbness
Sudden onset of blurring of vision or speech problems
Severe pain in a leg, especially in the calf
Severe abdominal pains

According to risk factors, women who are on regular contraceptive pills should have their blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar regularly checked. Women who already have diabetes, high blood pressure, or raised cholesterol levels should thoroughly discuss use of I-pill with their doctor before consuming it. 

Even though it had been hoped that third generation birth control pills would lower these risks, it is proved that these latest pills are no safer for cardiovascular health than second generation of pills. 

Women with certain kinds of migraines may be more at risk of heart or cholesterol strokes, so that all women with headaches should be counseled and carefully monitored. 

The existing agreement seems to be that using birth control pills leads to slightly higher risk of breast cancer, especially in women who start on I-pill before 20 years.

The pill is also not safe and advisable for few women:

Women who smoke
Women above 35 years
Women alcoholic
Women with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or family history of heart disease.
Women with breast, uterus or liver cancer

If a pregnancy is suspected - How Does I - Pill Work?

It’s One-Step emergency contraception which prevents pregnancy by provisionally blocking eggs from being released, by stopping fertilization, or by keeping fertilized egg from becoming implanted in to uterus. 

This is taken in one dose with one pill. It should be taken as soon as possible that is within 72 hours of undefended intercourse. 

It is always advisable to be precautionary than being preventive or sorry. It is suggested to go for protected inter course which will avoid risk of transmitting any other sexually transmitted diseases or skin allergies, depression and sickness.

Some medications such as certain antibiotics and antiepileptic can interfere with pill's effectiveness so woman taking such products should consider using barrier method of birth control as well. It is always advisable to contact doctor.

Its more advisable for the couple to consult gynecologist for better awareness and suggestions.


Women should consume I - pill oral to prevent pregnancy and when taken correctly, it is up to 90% effective. However, I- pill does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV AIDS. 


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